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Посадка клубники осенью

Посадка клубники осенью







Посадка клубники осенью
дело не сложное, это гораздо проще, чем ранней весной высаживать рассаду в еще не прогретый грунт.

Давайте разберемся, что за чем следует.
Рассаду клубники осенью лучше всего высаживать с 10 августа по 20-25 сентября, при возможности полива или после дождя. При соблюдении сроков посадки рассада успеет окрепнуть до холодов и хорошо перенесет зимние морозы.

Перед посадкой клубники осенью стоит определиться с местом посадки и грунтом. Клубника практически неприхотлива  в отношении грунта – ей подходят практически любые грунты, но наилучшие результаты урожая можно получить на черноземных, темных лесных грунтах. На светло-серых, дерново-подзолистых и торфяных грунтах урожайность будет заметно меньше. Идеальным грунтом для клубники будет грунт с содержанием гумуса 2% и больше. Хорошие урожаю дает клубника на грунте, где прежде произрастали зерновые. При возможности для посадки клубники стоит выбирать юго – западную часть небольшого склона, созревание ягод там будет проходить быстрее. Не следует высаживать ростки клубники в низменных или замкнутых пространствах.

Так же стоит подумать о грунтовых водах, их залегание должно быть на глубине не менее 60 см от корней клубники. Если вы хотите вырастить клубнику на поле, необходимо установить дренаж, так как на полях грунтовые воды залегают ближе чем 60 см от поверхности.

Посадка клубники осенью требует предварительной подготовки почвы. Первым делом почву следует проверить на наличие личинок майских жуков и проволочников – это главные враги ростков клубники. Если вы обнаружили личинок, лучше найти другое место для посадки.

Чтобы увеличить урожайность, через несколько недель после посадки клубники рекомендуется внести 5 кг навоза на 1 метр площади.

Перед непосредственной посадкой рассаду выдерживают в прохладном и владном месте не более 6 дней. Высаживать клубнику лучше всего в увлажненный грунт, но не в мокрый. В цветочном магазине можно приобрести фунгицидно-инсектицидную смесь, ею обрабатывают корневую систему рассады. Во время посадки растения необходимо держать в тени. После посадки их в открытый грунт обязательно проведите полив, только очень осторожно, чтобы не залить только что высаженные растения и не сбить их сильной струей воды.

Высадив клубнику, дайте ей немного окрепнуть, в начале же октября проведите зяблевую пахоты на глубину 25 см и не больше.

Посадка клубники осенью имеет небольшой минус, он заключается в необходимости подготовительных работ для успешного перенесения  ростками зимы. Уже осенью позаботьтесь о системе снегозадержания, что увеличить запас влаги. В нижней части склона вкопайте небольшое заграждение и система снегозадержания готова. Во время холодов вам ничего не придется делать. При достаточном количестве снега клубника перенесет любые морозы.

Клубнику необходимо подкармливать в строго отведенные сроки и периоды:
  • Азот – около 80кг/га – половину азота необходимо внести перед посадкой (если почва не плодородная) и два раза вносить в период вегетации в зависимости от погоды;
  • Калий – 100кг/га  - половину удобрения внести до посадки, а вторую половину во время цветения растения;
  • Фосфор – 50 кг/га – фосфор вносится только перед посадкой при необходимости;
  • Магний – 100кг/га – вносить перед подготовкой грунта к посадке растений;
  • Также возможна подкормка растения микроэлементами.

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